Sclerotherapy is a procedure used to treat blood vessel malformations, which includes spider veins and varicose veins. Spider veins are small clusters of red, blue or purple veins that can appear anywhere on your body; your thighs, calves, ankles, and even on your face. These veins get their name from their appearance, which resembles a spider web pattern. For some people, spider veins are hereditary, for some they can come from a new pregnancy, hormonal shifts, weight gain, and prolonged sitting or standing over a long period of time.
Varicose veins are larger, sometimes raised veins which are often blue in color. Like the spider veins, varicose veins aren’t necessary to the circulatory system. Varicose veins can also become painful by producing a burning or throbbing sensation.
With modern technology, spider veins and superficial varicose veins can be treated with a procedure called sclerotherapy. Sclerotherapy is a technique which involves the use of a very fine needle to inject a solution directly into the veins. The injection causes the vein to shrink and dissolve over a period of weeks. Each vein may require more than a single injection.
Patients who undergo this minimally invasive procedure are usually advised to resume normal activity immediately, although vigorous activity is discouraged for hours.
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